Security cooperation and civil society
The Ukrainian armed forces have taken a huge leap in terms of quality since 2014. Volunteer battalions played an important role especially in the first phase of the conflict. Some of our Ukrainian partners fought in crucial battles (Debaltseve, Ilovaisk, …). Such combat experience is fairly unique in Europe, and especially in countries of a given region, with their uncertain security situation, should prioritize studying such real life experience.
As a part of our work we intermediate such experience and contacts for the relevant specialists. Ihor Ruschenko, an author of first publication dealing with the Russian-Ukrainian hybrid war. Рущенко І. П. Російсько-українська гібридна війна: погляд соціолога, is one of our closest associates in Kharkov.
Great emphasis should also be placed on security forces and civil society cooperation. T4U members help police school cadets, member of the new police forces, volunteers, and territorial defence units’ members and others. We share what we know. We have completed several community policing, human trafficking and cyber security trainings around the Ukraine.
There is a lot to learn for our foreign partners in Ukraine; mainly aspects of the Ukrainian security system, which deliver good results, is interesting and inspiring for them as well. The military sphere, in particular, has been consolidated with a lightning speed and has a solid outcome as seen on the SSO, Special Operations Forces of Ukrainian Armed Forces. We can find another positive example in some reformed or progressive parts of the Police, SBU, Security Service of Ukraine. There are also new structures such as NABU (National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine). Foreign practice cannot be blindly copied into specific reforms, as they are not fully transferable due to Ukrainian specific conditions. In such an environment it is, however, greatly relevant to point out the unsuccessful reforms (“this should be rather avoided”), which is as important as pointing out the successful examples (“this could be done”). Experts from the Czech police and the Czech Society of Criminology and also representatives of civil society from the EU Member states, also participate in our work.
The centre of Europe can and should study the role of civilian population in the country’s defence within the Ukrainian arena. The civilian population plays a role not only in the open military conflict but also in the antiterrorist defence and against infiltrating enemy groups. These are all new topics in the centre of Europe and the discussion on their possible solution is only beginning. T4U tries to intermediate this experience so that we can prepare for situations, which Ukraine had to face unprepared.